Sodium metabisulfite, also known as sodium pyrosulfite, is commonly used as a preservative in various food and beverage products, including wine, dried fruits, and some canned goods. While it is generally regarded as safe by regulatory bodies when used in appropriate concentrations, some individuals may experience adverse reactions or side effects to sodium metabisulfite, particularly those who are sensitive or allergic to sulfites.
Possible side effects of sodium metabisulfite sensitivity or allergy can include:
Allergic Reactions: Some individuals may experience allergic reactions ranging from mild to severe. Symptoms may include skin rash, itching, hives, swelling of the face, lips, or tongue, difficulty breathing, or anaphylaxis (a severe, life-threatening allergic reaction).
Respiratory Problems: In sensitive individuals, exposure to sodium metabisulfite can lead to respiratory issues such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, or exacerbation of asthma symptoms.
Gastrointestinal Distress: Consumption of foods or beverages containing sodium metabisulfite may cause gastrointestinal symptoms in some people, such as nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, or diarrhea.
Headaches: Some individuals may experience headaches or migraines after consuming foods or beverages containing sodium metabisulfite.
What Is Side Effects Of Sodium Metabisulfite
Low Blood Pressure: In rare cases, ingestion of sulfites may cause a drop in blood pressure, leading to dizziness, lightheadedness, or fainting.
Other Symptoms: Additional symptoms that have been reported in sensitive individuals include flushing, tingling sensations, and general malaise.
It’s important to note that while sodium metabisulfite sensitivity is relatively uncommon, it can be serious for those affected. Individuals who suspect they may be sensitive or allergic to sulfites should avoid foods and beverages containing sodium metabisulfite and consult with a healthcare professional for appropriate management and guidance. Additionally, food manufacturers are required to label products containing sulfites, helping consumers to make informed choices about their consumption.